Excavators are usually very large vehicles used predominantly within the construction industry and are utilized to transport, dig and move large of weighty objects. Although they are not limited to only using a bucket for digging as the attachments can be replaced with various tools such as power drivers, sharpening tools and others, which turn them into forklifts; their uses are almost endless
The driver sits within the house section, usually surrounded by protective high strength windows and a metallic roof. It is from within this compartment that he can manipulate exactly what the 360 excavator does, where it moves, how fast it travels and how high it reaches. Diggers like this usually have an extendable boom, which can reach great heights, which is especially useful on a building site or rocky terrain. This strong machinery sits on tracks the majority of the time, much in the way that a tank does, but some are kitted up with large treaded wheels. Depending on the surface for which they are required to be used comes the decision of which stabilizers that it should use. Tracked excavators are particularly useful for travelling across flat ground very quickly whereas larger wheels can help it to climb up and down rough surfaces without it tipping or slipping, casing potential harm to the operator.
The boom is controlled from within the driver’s cockpit and they simulate with their thumb controls what they wish for it to do. To extend the boom they will slide a control upward, to spin the houses they use a circular hand control. Some of the diggers can even spin a full circle and these are named 360 excavators. They are designed for use where ground movement may not be as much of a possibility so with it having such all round capabilities, can still be used and do the job properly.
Diggers and excavators, depending on their type and size, can be used for hundreds of different applications, from digging, to mining, to moving heavy objects, transporting wide loads, as forklifts for pallets, river dredging and even demolition with a different attachment on the end of the boom. They are extremely versatile machines and can have bucket attachments, spike attachments for tarmac breaking, double spikes for carrying crates or pallets or balls for demolition purposes. This is all done with the same main 360 excavator and different parts added onto it.
All diggers generally come in a range of types. Micro diggers are predominantly used for smaller tasks such a home extension building, removing waste and landscaping gardens. Larger machinery can weigh over 10 tonnes very easily and is more likely to cope with mass building projects and hauling anything up to half its body weight in tarmac, wood or bricks used in the trade. Some of the larger models can boast a power output of over 3000bhp, which is the amount of 30 average family cars.